Prof. Saku Makinen from Tampere University of Technology, Finland, and Smita Srinivas TCLab are developing a program around the Finnish waste and waste to energy technologies. We aim to understand under what conditions advanced industrial technologies are embedded and adapted to so-called developing or emerging market contexts.
Read TCLab advisor and economics of innovation poioneer Richard Nelson's paper on economic development as an evolutionary process and a tribute to Sanjaya Lall's concern with developmental outcomes in industrial transformation.
Economic Development as an Evolutionary Process, Oxford Development Studies
TCLab Director's note: At the heart of TCLab research is a focus on learning-whether at the level of individuals, firms, or states. I had the pleasure of working with Sanjaya Lall during the process of the Millennium Development Goals project.
José Eustáquio Ribeiro Vieira Filho is a research analyst at the Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA-Brazil). He is an expert on public policies concerning technological innovation in agriculture.
In the last several decades, Asia has experienced tremendous growth and prosperity, especially if we look to the transformation of Asian cities. The continent accounts for over 60% of the world's population, and countries such as China, India, Vietnam, Pakistan, the Philippines and Bangladesh will provide over half of the increase of the world's urban population (Ling and Phua 2006).
This is a controversial and troubling question for nations and citizens (especially if they are feeling insecure). But daily reality brings more important questions than this: the need to find food, shelter, and preserve or improve one’s health. “Development” in the abstract is a little distracting if it doesn’t speak directly to these essential concerns.
A startling new United Nations Population Fund report projects that in 2050 there will be more people over the age of 60 than those under 15. Put another way, there will be more pensioners than children by 2050. In just 10 years from today, there will be 1 billion people in this age group.
Pharmaceutical and life science industries can reinforce economic development and industry growth, but not necessarily positive health outcomes. Yet well-crafted industrial and health policies can strengthen each other and reconcile economic and social goals.
“China cannot continue to survive in a culture that has both Beijing and Shanghai at the top of the structure and at the bottom, farmers farming with technologies that are a thousand years out of date.” That sentiment, spoken by a commentator on a CCTV news program this week, was surprisingly candid for the state-run news agency.
I came across some notes this week that I had made on technical standards for a UN agency in 2005. I focused on how firms and economies face technical standards and global regulations that may or may not assist their own local needs – from food to health to construction – but are often essential for the export trade of firms. In other words, buyers’ needs often dictate these standards.